The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor weedy. correctly proportioned, compact, powerful build shows his great strength, manoeuvrability and endurance.
Length of the body, measured at the sternum (breast-bone) to the ischiatic tuberosity, shouldn't exceed the height at the withers by, at most, 15%.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER:
Placid and fond of children in basic disposition, very devoted, obedient, eager to work. a natural and rustic appearance, behaviour self assured, steady and fearless. Reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.
Skull: Of medium length, the skull is broad between the ears. Viewing the Forehead line from the side it is moderately arched. Occipital bone well developed without being conspicuous.
Stop: Well defined.
Nose: Straight nasal bridge, broad at base, moderately tapered. Nose well developed, more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, always black.
Muzzle: The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region.
Lips: close fitting, black, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as dark as possible.
Jaw: Upper and lower jaw strong and broad.
Cheeks: Zygomatic arches pronounced.
Teeth: Strong complete dentition (42 teeth) with scissor bite, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors.
Eyes: Of medium size, dark brown in colour. Eyelids almond shaped and close fitting.
Ears: Medium sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high. The close fitting ears, set well forward, give the impression of a broad skull.
NECK: Of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, free from throatiness, no dewlap.
Back: Straight, strong, sturdy.
Loins: Short, strong and deep.
Croup: Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away.
Chest: Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50% of the shoulder height) with well developed fore-chest and well sprung ribs.
Belly: Flanks not tucked up.
Tail: If docked at the first or second vertebrea. The tail may be left in its natural state.
Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, looks straight. The slope of the shoulder-blade is about 45 degrees to the horizontal.
Shoulders: Well laid back.
Upperarm: Close fitting to the body.
Forearm: Strongly developed and muscular.
Pasterns: Slightly springy, strong, not straight.
Feet: Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong.
Seen from behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog's upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh and the metatarsal.
Upper thigh: Moderately long, broad and well muscled.
Lower thigh: Long, strong, broadly muscled at top and sinewy below, merging into sturdy well angulated hocks, not straight.
Feet: Slightly longer than the front feet. Just as tight. Arched and with strong toes.
The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride.
Skin on the head: overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.
TEXTURE OF COAT: The coat consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the buttocks.
COLOUR: Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.